Sexual Assault
Any action that is sexual in nature where the actor (person performing the act) has not obtained consent from the other person. Runs on a continuum from unlawful sexual contact to intrusion or penetration.

Nonconsensual sexual intrusion or penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth of the victim. The weapon of intrusion used by the perpetrator may be a penis, tongue, finger or object.
Repeated contacting, following or watching another person in a manner that creates fear in the other person
Dating or Domestic Violence
Any act, or threatened act of violence, upon a person with whom the actor has been involved in an intimate relationship
Frequently Asked Questions
Whose definitions are these? These definitions are according to the state of Colorado.
Why bother separating Sexual Assault and Rape? Many people use these terms synonymously. Rape is a type of sexual assault. We separate them out because we believe this is part of the process of examining the dynamics of sexual violence. If we view “rape” and “sexual assault” as the same, it could minimize or make invisible other forms of sexual assault.
Why are there so many conditions for rape? This definition provided by Colorado is actually pretty progressive. Because of how it is worded, it allows for the representation of different identities to file for rape, most notably the LGBTQ community and men. In addition, it encompasses many forms of sexual violence in order for more appropriate sentencing in criminal court.
What is the definition of an intimate relationship? According to Colorado State University, an intimate relationship is defined by:
  • The length of the relationship
  • The type of relationship
  • The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship

For more, check out our Key Terms and Definitions page: