- One in 6 women (16.2%) and 1 in 19 men (5.2%) in the United States have experienced stalking victimization at some point during their lifetime in which they felt very fearful or believed that they or someone close to them would be harmed or killed. (National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey(NIPSV), 2011)
- According to the National Center for Victims of Crime, 1,006,970 women and 370,000 men are stalked annually in the United States.
- Two-thirds (66.2%) of female victims of stalking were stalked by a current or former intimate partner; men were primarily stalked by an intimate partner or an acquaintance, 41.4% and 40.0%, respectively. (NIPSV, 2011)
- Repeatedly receiving unwanted telephone calls, voice, or text messages was the most commonly experienced stalking tactic for both female and male victims of stalking (78.8% for women and 75.9% for men). (NIPSV, 2011)
- Approximately 1 in 3 multiracial non-Hispanic women (30.6%) and 1 in 4 American Indian or Alaska Native women (22.7%) reported being stalked during their lifetimes. One in 5 Black non-Hispanic women (19.6%), 1 in 6 White non-Hispanic women (16.0%), and 1 in 7 Hispanic women (15.2%) experienced stalking in their lifetimes. (NIPSV, 2011)
- There is a strong link between stalking and other forms of violence in intimate relationships: 81% of women were also physically assaulted; 31% of women were also sexually assaulted (Tjaden, 1998).
- Stalking starts young: “[52%] of stalking victims were 18-29 years old when the stalking started”(Tjaden & Thoennes, 1998).
- More than 13% of college women indicated that they had been stalked during one college year (Fisher, 2000).
- Campus stalking incidents lasted an average of 60 days (Fisher, 2000).
- The most common consequence of campus stalking was psychological effects. In over 15% of the incidents, victims reported that the stalker threatened harm. In over 10% of the incidents, they reported forced or attempted sexual contact (Ibid).
- The “highest rates of stalking victimization”(Baum, Catalano, & Rand, 2009) occur in persons ages 18 to 19 and 20 to 24.
- On college campuses, 3 in 10 college women report being injured emotionally or psychologically from being stalked (Fisher, 2000).
- According to a recent study of college students, those who self-identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender “were twice as likely to experience cyberstalking or e-mail harassment from a stranger as were students who identified themselves as heterosexual”( Finn, 2004).
- Four in five campus victims knew their attackers (Fisher, 2000), (boyfriend or ex-boyfriend (42.4%), classmate (24.5%), acquaintance (1 0.3%), friend (9.3%), or coworker (5.6%))
- 25% of the stalking incidents among college women involve cyberstalking (Cyberstalking, 1999).
On Seeking Help
- 83% of stalking incidents were NOT reported to police or campus law enforcement (Ibid).
- 93.4% of victims confided in someone, most often a friend that they were being stalked (Ibid).
- 26.7% of victims considered their victimization a personal matter, and did not report it to police.
- Additionally, only “7% of victims contacted victim services, a shelter, or a helpline”(Baum, Catalano,& Rand, 2009).