- The length of the relationship
- The type of relationship
- The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship
Among women, rape includes vaginal, oral, or anal penetration by a male using his penis. It also includes vaginal, oral or anal penetration by a male or female using their fingers or an object.
Among men, rape includes oral or anal penetration by a male using his penis. It also includes oral or anal penetration by a male or female using their fingers or an object.
Rape is a type of sexual assault.
Sexual assault is also:
- a violation of a person’s physical and emotional well being.
- a crime prosecutable under Colorado law.
- an act of power and control.
- sexual assault is NOT an expression of love, passion, or sexual desire.
- sexual assault is NOT your fault.
Many people use “rape” and sexual assault synonymously. Rape is a type of sexual assault. We separate them out because we believe this is part of the process of examining the dynamics of sexual violence. If we view “rape” and “sexual assault” as the same, it could minimize or make invisible other forms of sexual assault.
At times, the term victim may also be used to underscore that violence and trauma do not occur in vacuums but in the context of societies and cultures where they are experienced. Ideally, it removes the focus from the individual and their response to a traumatic event and situates it onto the societal contexts where biased systems, structures, and ideologies reproduce oppression and further compound trauma.
Some of our sources: https://osapr.harvard.edu/pages/vocabulary , https://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf , Susan Schechter, as quoted by Arizona Coalition Against Domestic Violence